This situation does not necessarily improve simply by putting more defective processes on the problem. A naïve algorithm, as shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, could tell any process what it received from P1. A process would then decide fair value by taking a simple majority of values in its incoming messages. The objective of the Byzantine margin of error is to protect against system component failures, with or without symptoms, preventing other components of the system from reaching an agreement if such an agreement is necessary for the system to function properly. To make the interactive problem of coherence more understandable, Lamport has developed a colorful allegory in which a group of army geneticists formulates a plan to attack a city. In the original version, the generals were designated as commanders of the Albanian army. The name was changed and eventually placed in „Byzantine,” on Jack Goldberg`s proposal, to make any possible insult safe for the future.  This formulation of the problem, along with some additional findings, were presented by the same authors in their 1982 paper „The Byzantine Generals Problem.”  The problem of reaching a Byzantine consensus was conceived and formalized by Robert Shostak, who described it as the problem of interactive coherence. This work was done in 1978 as part of the NASA-sponsored SIFT project at the Computer Science Lab at SRI International.
Sift (for Software Implemented Fault Tolerance) was the child of John Wensley`s brain and was based on the idea of using several versatile computers that would communicate in pairs of messages to reach consensus, even if some of these computers were defective. In this article, we discussed some general information on the problem of consensus in distributed systems. The solution of the problem is based on an algorithm that can guarantee it: the problem has been studied in synchronous and asynchronous communications. Each lieutenant value in a particular exercise has the same paths for all its knots, and in this case, since only the general is defective, we know that all lieutenants will have the same input values on all his leaves. As a result, all processes agree on the same value, 1 that fulfills the quality of the agreement. My son is almost 10 years old. A few days ago, I shared the problem of the Byzantine general. Almost an hour before bed, he struggled with the problem and the solution – unsurprisingly! It`s a fictitious problem, but it`s one of the toughest problems of all time. It was first mentioned in the 1982 document entitled „The Problem of Byzantine Generals.” It is normal to conclude that someone is lying, but making a final decision as to who the traitor is seems to be an insurmountable problem. And in fact, it can be proven that, in some cases, it is impossible to decide. The classic example that shows this is when there are only three processes: one source process and two peer processes.
Byzantine errors are considered the most common and difficult class of errors among error modes.